One problem with the American workforce is that it lacks an abundance of highly skilled technical labor and so these jobs are going elsewhere. All things being equal, American employers would prefer to hire native born American employees. The reason for this preference is three-fold. First, on average, American born employees have better communication skills than their foreign born counterparts. Second, the bureaucracy that surrounds hiring immigrants, such as work visas, complicates the process of employing immigrants. Third, there is always the danger that the immigrant will return to their homeland, and thus, the American employee is seen as a more stable choice for the position. All things being equal, American companies should be hiring Americans.
We can only assume then, that for skilled technical and scientific labor, all things are not equal. American companies routinely ask congress for more visas so that they can bring in scientific researchers and engineers from foreign countries, sparking debate about whether such visas are good for the American economy and the nation’s workforce. The American labor pool for these skill sets is, however, simply not large enough to keep up with employers’ demand. When American companies don’t get these visas, the jobs do not automatically go to Americans by default. Instead, the companies staff these jobs in foreign offices. The government’s position on these visas provides yet another example, like the payroll tax, where U.S. policies are effectively encouraging American companies to outsource jobs.